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Window Basics: Learn the Types and Styles

08 September

from the DIY Network 

Casement Windows
As well as metal casement windows, vinyl casements, seen here, and wood casements are also common.
Parts of a Casement Window

Casement windows are widely used. Many of the terms used to describe the parts that make up a casement window also apply to other windows.

The window is made up of one or more opening casements, hinged along one side. Top-hung and side-hung casements are available.

Wooden Casement Window
In this example, a glazing bar divides glass in the same casement.
Double-Hung Window
A distinctive, traditional design with two vertically sliding sashes. Modern sashes are made of wood or vinyl, and some versions allow tilting of sashes for easy cleaning. In this example, the top sash slides down, and the bottom sash slides up.Building Regulations
Check with the local building code department before replacing any windows. New windows may be subject to energy regulations or emergency escape and rescue requirements.If you are working on a historic building, you must check with the local building department and/or the historical preservation board before replacing any windows.

Custom Casement Screened Window
Custom windows offer you a selection of sizes and styles that can meet any needs. When you order custom windows, you have options to include special glass, lites, or other features like this window screen.In this custom window, the side swings out, and the screen fabric rolls down.Grilles and Divided Lites
Windows divided with smaller panes were historically easier and much more affordable to produce than large sheets of clear glass. Today, even though technology allows us to create larger panes of glass that are much less expensive, the traditional look has become very popular. The smaller panes of glass in a window are called divided lites. They are separated by strips of wood called grilles. True divided lite windows are manufactured in the traditional method with a solid wood frame broken into shapes with wood strips.